Journal Articles

Mata L, Garrard GE, Fidler F, Ives CD, Maller M, Wilson J, Thomas F, Bekessy SA. (Accepted, 30 November 2018) Punching above their weight: The ecological and social benefits of pop-up parks. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment.

Kidd LR, Gregg EA, Bekessy SA, Robinson JA & Garrard GE (2018) Tweeting for their lives: Visibility of threatened species on Twitter. Journal for Nature Conservation. 46:106-109. Free link until Dec 5th 2018.

Selinske MJ, Garrard GE, Bekessy SA, Kusmanoff AM, Gordon A, Fidler F. (2018) Revisiting the promise of conservation psychology. Conservation Biology. doi:10.1111/cobi.13106

Backstrom A, Garrard GE, Hobbs RJ & Bekessy SA (2018) Grappling with the social dimension of novel ecosystems. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment. doi:10.1002/fee.1769.

Garrard GE, Williams NSG, Mata L, Thomas J & Bekessy SA (2017) Biodiversity sensitive urban design. Conservation Letters.

Eilam E & Garrard GE (2017) Perception of space among children studying their local grasslands: Examining attitudes and behavioural intentions. Sustainability.

Fraser H, Hauser CE, Rumpff L, Garrard GE and McCarthy MA (2017) Classifying animals into ecologically meaningful groups: a case study on woodland birds. Biological Conservation. 214: 184-194. doi:10.1016/j.biocon.2017.07.006

Damiens FLP, Mumaw L, Backstrom A, Bekessy SA, Coffey B, Faulkner R, Garrard GE, Hardy MJ, Kusmanoff AM, Mata L, Rickards L, Selinske MJ, Torabi N and Gordon A (2017), Why Politics and Context Matter in Conservation Policy. Global Policy. doi:10.1111/1758-5899.12415

Mata L, Garrard GE, Kutt AS, Wintle BC, En Chee Y, Backstrom A, Bainbridge B, Urlus J, Brown GW, Tolsma AD, Yen AL, New TR, Bekessy SA. (2017) Eliciting and integrating expert knowledge to assess the viability of the critically endangered golden sun-moth Synemon plana. Austral Ecology. 42: 297-308. doi:10.1111/aec.12431

Torabi N, Mata L, Gordon A, Garrard GE, Westcott W, Dettman P, Bekessy SA (2016) The money or the trees: what drives landholders’ participation in biodiverse carbon plantings? Global Ecology and Conservation. 7: 1-11.

Ives CI, Lentini PE, Threllfall CG, Ikin K, Shanahan DF, Garrard GE, Bekessy SA, Fuller RA, Mumaw L, Rayner L, Rowe R, Valentine LE, Kendal D (2016) Cities are hotspots for threatened species. Global Ecology and Biodiversity, 25: 117-126. doi: 10.1111/geb.12404

Fraser H, Garrard GE, Rumpff L, Hauser CE, & McCarthy MA (2015) Consequences of inconsistently classifying woodland birds. Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution, 3: 1-8. doi: 10.3389/fevo.2015.00083 

Garrard GE, Fidler F, Wintle BC, Chee YE & Bekessy SA (2015) Beyond advocacy: Making space for conservation scientists in public debate. Conservation Letters. 9: 208-212. doi: 10.1111/conl.12193

Garrard GE, Bekessy SA, McCarthy MA & Wintle BA (2015) Incorporating detectability into environmental impact assessment for threatened species. Conservation Biology, 29: 216–225. doi: 10.1111/cobi.12351

Kendal D, Hauser CE, Garrard GE, Jellinek S, Giljohann KM & Moore JL (2013) Quantifying plant colour and colour difference as perceived by humans using digital images. PLoS ONE 8(8): e72296. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0072296

Garrard GE, McCarthy MA, Williams NSG, Bekessy SA & Wintle BA (2013) A general model of detectability using species traits. Methods in Ecology and Evolution, 4: 45-52. doi: 10.1111/j.2041-210x.2012.00257.x

McCarthy MA, Moore JL, Morris WK, Parris KM, Garrard GE, Vesk PA, Rumpff L, Giljohann K, Camac J, Bau SS, Friend T, Harrison B & Yue B (2012) The influence of abundance on detectability. Oikos, 122: 717–726. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0706.2012.20781.x

Garrard GE, McCarthy MA, Vesk PA, Radford JQ & Bennett AF (2012) A predictive model of avian natal dispersal distance provides prior information for investigating response to landscape change, Journal of Animal Ecology, 81: 14-23. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2656.2011.01891.x

McCarthy MA, Garrard GE, Moore AL, Parris KM, Regan TJ, and Ryan GE (2011) The SAFE index should not be used for prioritization. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 9: 486–487.  doi:

Garrard GE, Bekessy SA, McCarthy MA & Wintle BA (2008) When have we looked hard enough?  A novel method for setting minimum survey effort protocols for flora surveys. Austral Ecology, 33: 986-998.

Book Chapters

Garrard GE, Rumpff L, Runge MC & Converse SJ (2017) Rapid prototyping for decision structuring: an efficient approach to conservation decision analysis. In Bunnefeld N, Nicholson E & Milner-Gulland EJ (Eds) Decision-making in conservation and natural resource management: models for interdisciplinary approaches, Cambridge University Press. ISBN: 9781107465381.

Sharp S, Garrard GE & Wong N (2015) Planning, documenting and monitoring for grassland management. In Williams NSG, Marshall A & Morgan JW (Eds) Land of Sweeping Plains: Managing and restoring the native grasslands of south-eastern Australia, CSIRO Publishing. ISBN: 9781486300815.

Hauser CE, Garrard GE & Moore JL (2015) Estimating detection rates. In Jarrad et al. (Eds) Biosecurity surveillance: quantitative approaches, CABI Publishing, Wallingford. ISBN-13: 978-1780643595.

Garrard G and Bekessy S (2014) Landscapes and Land Use Planning. In Byrne, J. et al. (Eds) Australian Environmental Planning: Challenges and Future Prospects, Routledge. ISBN-13: 978-1138000711. Google book link.

Peer-reviewed Conference Proceedings

Hauser CE, Moore JL, Giljohann KM, Garrard GE & McCarthy MA (2012) Designing a detection experiment: tricks and trade-offs. In Eldershaw, V. (ed). Proceedings of the 18th Australasian Weeds Conference. Weed Society of Victoria, October 2012, pp. 267—272.


Kusmanoff AM, Garrard GE, Jackson, S & Bekessy SA (2017) Understanding and planning for the environmental benefits of community engagement progmams. A report prepared for Parks Victoria. Available for download here.

Garrard GE, Faulkner R, Mata L, Torabi N, Peterson IR, Gordon A & Bekessy SA (2017) An assessment of the national effort towards feral cat control. A report prepared for the Australian Government Department of the Environment and Energy. Available for download here.

Garrard G & Bekessy S (2017) Conservation Opportunities Research-Business Summit: Initial Report. NESP Threatened Species Recovery Hub. Available for download here.

Mata L, Ives CD, Morán-Ordóñez A, Garrard GE, Gordon A, Cranney K, Smith TR, Backstrom A, Bickel DJ, Hahs AK, Malipatil M, Moir ML, Plein M, Porch N, Semeraro L, Walker K, Vesk PA, Parris KM, Bekessy SA. (2016) The Little Things that Run the City – Insect ecology, biodiversity and conservation in the City of Melbourne. Report prepared for the City of Melbourne.

Mata L, Garrard GE, Hahs AK, Bolitho J, Chambers L, Clemann N, Faulkner R, Foster J, Harris GJ, Kutt A, McMaster D, McMullan-Fisher S, Menkhorst P, Read C, Sinclair S, Sparks D, Stajsic V, Tsyrlin E, West M, Parris K, Bekessy SA. (2016) Target species for rewilding, monitoring and public engagement in the City of Melbourne. Report prepared for the City of Melbourne’s Urban Sustainability Branch.

Garrard G, Bekessy B, Amati M, Ednie-Brown P & Baracco M (2015) Linking ecology and architecture: Re-enchanting people with nature in better built environments. RMIT University, Melbourne. Available for download here.

Mata L, Ives CD, Garrard GE, Gordon A, Backstrom A, Cranney K, Smith TR, Stark L, Bickel DB, Cunningham S, Hahs AK, Hochuli D, Malipatil M, Moir M, Plein M, Porch N, Semeraro L, Standish R, Walker K, Vesk PA, Parris K, Bekessy SA. (2015) The Little Things that Run the City: How do Melbourne’s green spaces support insect biodiversity and ecosystem health? Report prepared for the City of Melbourne. For the high-resolution version click here.

Garrard GE. & Wintle BA (2011) Minimum survey effort requirements for impact assessments under the EPBC Act 1999: A review of methods for estimating and managing detectability in biological surveys,  A Report to the Department of Sustainability, Environment, Water, Populations and Communities (SEWPaC).

Garrard GE, Bekessy SA & Wintle BA. (2009) Determining necessary survey effort to detect invasive weeds in native vegetation communities, Australian Centre of Excellence for Risk Analysis Project 0906.


Garrard GE, Fidler F, Wintle BC, Chee YE, Bekessy SA (2016) Debunking some common myths to create more space for scientists in public debate. Ecological Society of Australia Bulletin, 46(3):6-7.

Garrard GE & Bekessy SA (2016) Ecocheck: Victoria’s flower-strewn western plains could be swamped by development. The Conversation, 17 May.

Fraser, H, Garrard GE, Rumpff L, Hauser CE and McCarthy MA (2016) What’s in a name? The consequences of inconsistently classifying woodland birds (and other terms). Decision Point, 94, 6-7.

Garrard G, Bekessy S & van Wijnen S (2015) Sustainable mid-rise for healthy, connected communities. Planning News, 41, 6-7.

Garrard G (2015) Detectability, threatened species & environmental impact assessment, Decision Point, 92, 4-5.

Garrard G, Bekessy S & Wintle B (2015) Offset policies don’t work, Decision Point, 91, 12-13.

McCarthy M, Garrard G & Rumpff L (2015) The alpine grazing debate was never about science, The Conversation, 16 April.

Garrard G (2013) Detecting species without species-specific guides: A new, trait-based model of detectability, Decision Point, 66, 8-9.

Garrard G & Rumpff L (2011) Science the loser in Victoria’s alpine grazing trial, The Conversation, 24 March.

Garrard G (2009) How hard do we need to look to find threatened species? Decision Point, 34, 3-5.


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